Obesity in children is mainly determined by the parents. Although single genes only account for 2% of childhood obesity, your chances of being obese are a massive 70% if both parents are affected, 50% if one is affected and only 10% if your parents are not obese.
Health care researchers have identified the most important messages for the whole family.
5 fruit and vegetable portions a day
3 structured meals a day
2 hours maximum screen time a day
1 hour minimum exercise a day
0 sweetened drinks a day
Success for the child depends on how successful their own parents are in losing weight and keeping it off. The parents must buy into a change in lifestyle or their child will not get a benefit. Eating healthy meals, mainly at home, and avoiding the fast food and snacking culture are important.
Pre-schoolers and their families are best helped by group classes but for adolescents individual therapy works best.
Based on BMJ Learning module. Most research is was based in Canada.